Design Tips

Universal Sanitary House has been one of the leading Sanitary ware and Water Supply Materials business houses in Ernakulam, since 1968, having a strong and satisfied customer base and expertise to guide customers for cost efficient procurement of a wide range of quality Sanitary ware, Tiles, Water Supply materials etc.


  • Ensure all PVC pipes are of superior quality & of heavy grade.
  • PVC Drainage pipes must be used instead of the cast iron, because cast iron corrodes very easily.
  • Make sure that all taps are fitted on the corner of the tiles so that while fitting, the tiles do not break.
  • Ensure that taps deliver high pressure, before buying as pressure pumps are needed for enjoying good showers
  • Make sure Exposed pipes should be avoided inside the bathroom, or try not to let it run for more than 6 ft. before joining the drainage system.
  • Ensure that all fittings have ceramic washers before installing.
  • All cold water pipe should be of C-PVC (the most preferable one). Pipes of copper or galvanized iron can also be used. And in case of Galvanised iron pipes, make sure that they are insulated with asbestos.
  • Pressure testing should be done for all incoming pipes before they are plastered over.
  • A wide ledge can be built in the EWC area to cover the exposed pipes and also add to the aesthetics.
  • A stainless steel railing support should be given for use of elderly or aged people, one inch thick, running the full length of the wall, and between the shower and toilet.
  • A Towel rack near the shower area is a most essential thing in a bathroom.
  • Separate the wet & dry areas with toughened glass shower partitions and this reduces maintenance of the bathroom considerably.
  • To wash EWC's and Ceramic tiles dilute hydrochloric acid may be used (make sure the taps are covered with a plastic bag while using acid & make sure you apply acid on a small portion to check for any reaction). White vinegar can be used to wipe tap fittings of stains.
  • Clean all taps, EWCs, Wash-Basins and Tiles with a dry cloth once at least a week as it helps to retain its shining appearance for a longer time.
  • For smaller toilets Pedestal basins are suitable and counter wash basins for the larger bathrooms. The counter also provides space for keeping your toiletries.
  • If space permits Linen closets should be given.
  • Precise plumbing is of supreme importance. The main water tap area should always be placed near the slope next to the EWC so that the area around it is always dry.
  • EWC should be positioned where it cannot be seen on opening the door.
  • Buy water tanks which can store ample quantity of water, that is, according to the demand of the daily users.
  • Avoid using strong cleaning agents to clean taps and fixtures, these may damage not only the surface coating & but also affect the working of the product.
  • Use mild cleaning methods to clean taps and other fixtures. Instead spray cleaner and rinse thoroughly with water
  • An eco-friendly cleaner can be used for cleaning metal fixtures. Spray & let it remain on the fixture for 5 minutes and then wipe clean with a slightly wet cloth.
  • Clean the drainage pipes at least once a month, to prevent clogging.
  • To clean clogged showerheads, fill a plastic bag with undiluted white vinegar & submerge the showerhead in it. Lock the bag with a rubber band and leave it to soak overnight. Scrub the shower with a toothbrush and wash it clean, the next day.


  • Make a scrap book or clipping file of colour combinations that you like. Include advertisements, magazine covers, reproductions of painting and so on, as well as illustrations of domestic architecture and interiors.
  • Visit art Museums, model homes, libraries, furniture stores etc. and make notes of what you specially like or dislike.
  • Carefully observe the colours used in your friends’ bathrooms paying attention to first impressions as well as to the more important lasting effects.
  • Make a list of your favourite colours.
  • Go in for colour thoughtfully related to you and your household members. The favourite colour or combination of colours might be the guide in selecting tiles.
  • Cool hues, light values and low intensities make small rooms seem larger.
  • It is possible to visually shorten and widen rooms too long and narrow by having one end wall warmer, darker and more intense than the side walls.
  • Square and box rooms seem less awkward if one or two walls are treated differently from the others or if one wall and the ceiling or the floor is similar in colour.
  • Colours will not be distorted if rooms are well lighted by large windows or good artificial illumination. In rooms with less light, colours seem darker and duller.
  • Cheering colours lighten the mood and help you stay healthy.
  • Small toilets should be done preferably in light colours and dark bolder colours for larger toilets.
  • Well-designed bathrooms are done up with the right play of colours, attractive accessories and coordinated fittings.
  • Working on a theme or personality of the user each bathroom can have a unique identity. (Eg: The Victorian look, the African Jungle theme etc.)


  • Calculate the number of tiles you will need by measuring the area to be tiled in square metre.
  • Ensure that you buy about 5% more tiles than you need, to cover breakages.
  • Before laying the tiles please go through the instructions.
  • It is good to ensure uniformity of colour shades, uniformity in sizes & warpage before tiling, by inspecting the tiles spread on the floor and replacing the mismatched tiles immediately.
  • Also refer the instruction manual before fixing up the tap fittings and sanitary ware.
  • Taps of single lever type are easier to operate & more efficient.


  • Bright lights should be given over the sink, medium lights in the bath area subdued lights over the EWC.
  • As rooms facing south and west get more heat and more light than those facing East or North we can use cool colours in the rooms facing South and West, and warm colours in the rooms facing East and North.
  • In rooms well lit by large windows or good artificial means, colours will not be distorted. In rooms with less light, colours seem darker and duller.


  • Shower area: 4'6" x 3'6”
  • The Toilet: 3'0 "
  • The Wash Basin Counter: 3'0 "(length) x 2'0"(breadth) x 2'8"(ht)
  • Bathing stool: 5 " to 16"(ht)
  • The entrance door: 2' 6 " Width
  • Bath mat: (approx. 1'3 "x 2'3")
  • A Comfortable sized Bathroom: 9'x7'


  • Water heaters should be placed in the false ceiling with access door as it eases maintenance. Or good looking Geysers can be used to improve aesthetics.
  • Stepped bathing areas can be used to make the bathroom look interesting for spacious bathrooms.
  • Exhaust fans should be fitted to clear the bad odour in bathroom.
  • Give priority to safety measures. The electrical fitting must be of superior quality and installed at safe convenient places and heights.
  • Style the bathrooms to suit the age of its user. (Eg: for the aged and for the handicapped handrails should be provided at convenient places.)
  • Floors should always be maintained dry to avoid accidental falls.
  • Even limited space bathrooms need to be well planned and should not be confined.
  • Bigger mirrors give a spacious look to small bathrooms.